Different Types Of Racism In Sport Essay

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Introduction Dealing with the issue of sport and ethnology, three major factors come to mind; prejudice, racism, and discrimination. These factors span across gender, ethnic, racial, religious, and cultural groups. In the following paragraphs, I will discuss how these factors have played a part in the evolution of sport in our society. The first issue tackled in this paper will be racism in sports, followed by prejudice and discrimination.

Racism ?A definition of race might rely on an outward manifestation such as color or some other physiological sign. Race and ethnicity (and to some degree nationality) also imply a shared socio-cultural heritage and belief system. Finally, race and ethnicity harbor a physiological…show more content…

(Eisen and Wiggins, 1994, pp 137-138) For blacks being distinguished in this manor was demeaning to them; as well as it should be. One of their ways of protesting against this came at the XIX Olympiad.

During these games black American athletes decided to protest against social injustice. Athletes such as Jim Hines, Tommie Smith, John Carlos?and other black Americans decided to displays signs of black power in different forms. The first to do so, Jim Hines, said that he did not wish to accept his gold medal from Avery Brundage, the president of the International Olympic Committee. In the ceremony for the 200-meter dash, runners Jones and Carlos came out to accept their awards displaying signs and clothing depicting black power. They were reprimanded, but other athletes followed suit at these games (Hoffmann, PhD. And Bailey, MA, 1991, pp 59-61). Collectively, society has taken steps towards less racism in sports based on color. There is no longer a ban keeping athletes out of sports such as baseball due to color. Stereotypes and racial thoughts still exist today, but they are improving with time. W.E.B. Du Bois wrote in his book, The Souls of Black Folk, that blacks in this country have always felt a sense of being ?an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings, two warring ideals in one dark body whose dogged strength alone keeps

 

 

 

Callahan,1987

Ballad, 1988

 

Lapchickand Mathews, 1999

 

In 1949 there were no black NBA players.

In 1950 Chuck Cooper was the first black signed by an NBA team.

In 1958 the proportion of blacks in the general population approximated the percentage of blacks playing professional basketball.

In 1998, 77% of all professional basketball players were black.

 

 

 

In 1944 there were no blacks in professional "white" football.

In 1946 Marion Motley is the first black in "white" professional football.

In 1960 the proportion of blacks in the general population approximated the percentage of blacks playing professional football.

In 1985, 52% of all professional football players were black.

In 1998 65% of all professional football players were black.

 

 

 

In 1946 there were no blacks in "white" MLB.

In 1947 Jackie Robinson was the first black to sign with a "whit" team

In 1957 the proportion of blacks in the general population approximated the percentage of blacks playing professional baseball (11-12%).

In 1998 15% of all professional baseball players were black.

 

 

Kane

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Moore (1990)2

 

Price(1997bEl Nasser, 1997

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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