Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 Careers in Health Care."— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 3Careers in Health Care
2 3:1 Introduction to Health Careers
EducationRequirements vary by program and stateHigh school preparationHealth Science Technology Education (HSTE)Post-secondary educationTypes of degreesNational Consortium on Health Science and Technology Education (NCHSTE) (Figure 3-1)HSTE: programs that prepare a student for immediate employment in many health careers or for additional education after graduationNCHSTE: health science career cluster, which allows students to see how early career awareness and exploration provide a foundation for making informed choices to prepare for a career in health care.
3 Certification, Registration, and Licensure
Certification: A person has fulfilled requirements of education and performance and meets the standards/qualifications established by the professional association or government agency that regulates a particular career.Registration: A regulatory body in a given health care area administers examinations and/or maintains a list of qualified personnel.Licensure: A government agency authorizes individuals to work in a given occupation.Certification – Athletic Trainer, Certified Personal TrainerRegistration – Registered Dietitian, Registered Respiratory TherapistLicensure: Physician, Dentist, Physical Therapist, Registered Nurse
4 Accrediting Agencies Purpose program meets standards of competency
Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP)Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools (ABHES)Accreditation ensures that the program of study meets the established quality competency standards and prepares students for employment in the health career.
5 Continuing Education Units (CEUs)
CEU’s are required to renew licenses or maintain certification or registrationRequirements vary between careersMust know requirements of your specific career in your state
6 Training Levels Professional (4 or more years of college)
Medical Doctor, DentistTechnologist/Therapist (3-4 years of college plus work experience)Physical Therapist, Speech Therapist, Respiratory TherapistTechnician (2 year Associate, special health science technology education/3-4 year on-job training)Dental Laboratory, Technician, Surgical TechnicianAide or Assistant (Hours of specialized education, years of on-job training)Dental Assistant, Medical Assistant, Nurse AssistantTable 3-1 on page 42.
7 Multicompetent or Multiskilled Workers
New trend in health occupationsWorkers perform a variety of occupations/skillsEliminates need for employing specialist for every aspect of careEducation done on the job or through educational programsExample:Electrocardiograph (ECG) / Electroencephalographic (EEG)
8 EntrepreneurEntrepreneur: An individual who organizes, manages, and assumes the risk of a business.Self-EmployedCommon Example:Bachelor’s Degree in specific health related field with a Master’s Degree in BusinessAdvantages and disadvantagesExamplesNurse Practitioners, Physical Therapists, Physician Assistants, Physicians, ChiropractorsAdvantage vs. Disadvantage – involves many risks and requires a certain level of education and ability, it can be a satisfying choice for the individual who is well motivated, self-confident, responsible, creative and independent.
9 National Health Care Skill Standards (NHCSS)
Purpose Developed to indicate the knowledge and skills that are expected of health care workers primarily at entry and technical levelsHealth Care Core StandardsTherapeutic/Diagnostic Core StandardsTherapeutic Cluster Standards (Therapeutic Services)Diagnostic Cluster Standards (Diagnostic Services)Health Informatics ServicesSupport (Environmental) ServicesBiotechnology Research and Development Standards
10 Introduction to Health Careers
Career Groups (Pathways)Therapeutic Services CareersDiagnostic Services CareersHealth InformaticsSupport Services CareersBiotechnology Research and Development Careers
11 SummaryDifferent health occupations require different levels of educationSome careers require certification, registration, or licensureRequirements vary from state to stateStudent must obtain information pertinent to an individual state
12 3:2 Therapeutic Services Careers
Basic job descriptionUse variety of treatments to help patients who are injured, physically or mentally disabled, or emotionally disturbedDirect treatment toward allowing the patient to function at maximum capacityTherapeutic Services are directed toward changing the health status of the patient over time.
13 3:2 Therapeutic Services Careers
Types of Jobs:ChiropractorExercise PhysiologistKinesiotherapistMassage TherapistAthletic TrainerAudiologistSocial WorkerSpeech Language PathologistMany MORE…
14 3:2 Therapeutic Services Careers (Continued)
Places of employmentRehabilitation FacilitiesHospitalsClinicsMental Health FacilitiesDaycare FacilitiesLong-Term Care FacilitiesHome Health Care AgenciesSchoolsGovernmental AgenciesAND MANY MORE…
15 3:2A Dental Careers Basic job duties
Health of teeth and soft tissues of mouthPreventing dental diseaseRepairing or replacing diseased or damaged teethTreating gingiva (gums) and other supporting structures of the teeth(continues)
16 Dental Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-3 in textSpecialty areas (private dental offices, labs, clinics, etc.)DentistDental hygienistDental laboratory technician (CLDT)Dental assistant
17 3:2B Emergency Medical Services Careers
Basic job dutiesProvide emergency prehospital careProvide care to victims of accidents, injuries, and sudden illness(continues)
18 Emergency Medical Services Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-4 in textEmergency medical technician paramedic (EMT-P, EMT-4)Emergency medical technician intermediate (EMT-1, EMT-2, EMT-3)Emergency medical technician basic (EMT-B, EMT-1)First responder (e.g., police, security, individual)(continues)
19 3:2C Medical Careers Basic description
Includes physicians and those who work under their supervisionInvolved with diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of diseases and disorders of the human body(continues)
20 Medical Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-5 in textPhysician (doctor): MD, DO, DPM, DC, MANY MORE…Physician assistantMedical assistant
21 3:2D Mental and Social Services Careers
Basic job dutiesMental or emotional disorders or those who are developmentally delayed or mentally impaired.Social workers assist others to deal with illness, employment, or community problemsFocus: help individuals function to their maximum capacity(continues)
22 Mental and Social Services Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-7 in textPsychiatristPsychologistPsychiatric/mental health technician\Social worker (sociologist)Genetic counselorPsychiatrist: M.D. diagnose and treat mental illnessPsychologist: study human behavior and use this knowledge to help individuals deal with problems of everyday living.
23 3:2E Mortuary Careers Basic job duties Preparation of the body
Perform ceremony that honors the deceased and meets the spiritual needs of the livingCremation or burial of the remainsPractices and rites vary due to cultural and religious preferences
24 Mortuary Careers (continued)
Places of employmentFuneral Directors (Mortician, Undertaker)EmbalmersMortuary AssistantsFuneral Director: provide support to the survivors, interview the family of the deceased to establish details of the funeral ceremony, file death certificate, etc.Embalmers: prepare the body for interment by washing the body with germicidal soap, replacing the blood with embalming fluid to preserve the body, reshaping and restructuring the body, dressing, and placing in casket.
25 3:2F Nursing Careers Basic job duties
Provide care under direction of a physicianDirect care given to meet mental, emotional, and physical needs of the patient(continues)
26 Nursing Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-9 in text\Registered nurse (RN)Licensed practical/vocational nurse (LPN/LVN)Nurse assistantGeriatric aideHome health care assistantMedication aideCertified nurse technicianPatient care technician(continues)
27 3:2G Nutrition and Dietary Services Careers
Basic job dutiesRecognize importance good nutrition has for healthPromote wellness and optimum health through good nutritionProvide dietary guidelines used to treat various diseasesTeach proper nutritionPrepare food for health care facilities(continues)
28 Nutrition and Dietary Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-10 in textDietitian or nutritionistDietetic technicianDietetic assistant or food service worker
29 3:2H Veterinary Careers Basic description
Work with all types of animalsRange from house pets to livestock to wildlife(continues)
30 Veterinary Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-11 in textVeterinarian (DVM or VDM)Veterinary (animal health) technologist (VTR, registered)Veterinarian assistant (animal caretaker)
31 3:2I Vision Services Careers
Basic job dutiesProvide care to prevent vision disordersTreat vision disorders(continues)
32 Vision Services Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-12 in textOphthalmologist (MD)Optometrist (OD)Ophthalmic medical technologist (COMT)Ophthalmic technician (COT)Ophthalmic assistant (COA)OpticianOphthalmic laboratory technician
33 3:2J Other Therapeutic Services Careers
Places of employmentSee Table 3-13 in textOccupational therapist (OT)Occupational therapy assistantPharmacistPharmacy technicianPhysical therapist (PT)Physical therapist assistantMassage therapistRecreational therapist (TR)Certified therapeutic recreation specialist(continues)
34 Other Therapeutic Services Careers (continued)
Recreational therapy assistant or activity directorRespiratory therapist (RT)Respiratory therapy technicianSpeech-language therapist/pathologist and/or audiologistSurgical technician/technologistArt, music, dance therapistAthletic trainerDialysis technicianPerfusionist, certified clinical perfusionist, or extracorporeal circulation technologist(continues)
35 3:3 Diagnostic Services Careers
Places of employmentSee Table 3-14 in textCardiovascular technologistRegistered diagnostic vascular technologist (RDTV)Electrocardiograph (ECG) technicianElectroencephalographic technologistElectroneurodiagnostic technologistMedical (clinical) laboratory technologistMedical (clinical) laboratory technicianMedical (clinical) laboratory assistantPhlebotomistRadiologic technologist(continues)
36 3:4 Health Informatics Careers
Basic job dutiesDocumentation of patient recordsHealth informationHealth education(continues)
37 Health Informatics Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-15 in textHealth information (medical records) administrator registered (RRA)Health information (medical records) technician registered (RHIT)Medical transcriptionistAdmitting officers/clerks(continues)
38 Health Informatics Careers (continued)
Places of employmentUnit secretary/ward clerk/health unit coordinator/medical records clerkEpidemiologistMedical interpreter/translatorMedical illustratorMedical librarian
39 3:5 Support Services Careers
Basic descriptionCreate therapeutic environmentOperate support departmentsEach department has workers at all levels with varying amounts of education(continues)
40 Support Services Careers (continued)
Places of employmentSee Table 3-16 in textHealth care administrator, health services manager, or health care executiveBiomedical (clinical) engineerAdmitting officer/clerkCentral/sterile supply workerHousekeeping worker/sanitary manager
41 3:6 Biotechnology Research and Development Careers
Basic descriptionUse living cells to create productsResearch and developmentDisease preventionUnlimited potential for biotechnology(continues)
42 Biotechnology Careers (continued)
Places of employmentRefer to Table 3-17 in textBiological or medical scientistsBiotechnological engineers (bioengineers)Biological techniciansProcess techniciansForensic science technicians
43 SummaryHealth care careers are as exciting as they are diverse with over 250 different opportunities availableEach career has specific education requirements, job descriptions, and annual salaries earnedThere are many occupational opportunities for a successful career in health care
Is Healthcare in Your Future?
As a class, discuss the aspects of different careers to consider when making a career choice. What types of skills are necessary? What type of people do you work with? What is a typical day like? What is the salary? How much education is required for this career? What is the outlook for this career in the future? (Encourage students to refer to their interviews and consider aspects that were surprising, appealing, unappealing, or even disturbing. Often, these aspects of a career define the people most well suited for it. For example, emergency medical technicians might be drawn to their job not solely because they are good at biology or like helping people. They also might thrive in an intense environment where work has a feeling of urgency.
Next, develop a self-assessment questionnaire that would help guide a career choice. For example, what interests you most? What are your favorite classes? What are your favorite activities? Do you like working on a project alone or in a group? Are you good at explaining difficult concepts? Are you comfortable helping someone you don't know? Have each student complete the questionnaire as honestly and thoroughly as possible. Finally, have students spend several days exploring the Health Care Directory created in class. If students are interested in a particular profession, encourage them to learn more about it and to begin thinking about what courses and extracurricular activities they should take in high school to prepare for that career.
The following Web sites provide information about careers:
What Do They Do?